Revelation 14


  1. Chapter 14 continues the third intermission of Revelation. Intermission number 3 includes chapter 12-15.

    1. Chapter 12 – An explanation of the history of Israel and how Satan has tried to defeat Christ.

    2. Chapter 13 – An explanation of the history of the Anti-Christ and how Satan has worked long and hard to bring about his doomed kingdom.

    3. Chapter 14 – Praise and honor is given to God because he is victorious over Satan and his kingdom.

    4. Chapter 15 – A view of those that have died under Satan’s persecution during the tribulation period, and a brief glimpse into the glory of God as he delivers the seven golden vials full of his wrath.

  2. An outline of Revelation 14.

    1. Verse 1-5 – Victory in heaven for all overcomers.

    2. Verse 6-13 – Three angels proclaiming victory over Pagan Babylon and the Anti-Christ kingdom.

      1. Verse 6-7 – The gospel is preached.

      2. Verse 8 – Pagan Babylon is destroyed.

      3. Verse 9-13 – Damnation or destruction.

    3. Verse 14-20 – The earth is reaped.

      1. Verse 14 – Christ appears.

      2. Verse 15-20 – Two angels with heavens commands reap the earth: pointing toward the battle of Armageddon.

  1. The difference between chapter 13 and chapter 14 is remarkable.

    1. Chapter 13 is very depressing, as it relates all the terrible consequences of Satan’s kingdom filling the entire world.

      1. The world follows the wickedness of Satan, because they are as wicked as Satan, their father.

      2. Many are killed, and Satan’s decrees are forced on the remaining population.

    2. Chapter 14, however, changes all that.

      1. This chapter reveals the victory of those killed by Satan’s decrees, and reveals them singing a special song before the throne of God.

      2. Verse 6 and 7 confirms the gospel continues to be preached to all, even though Satan has killed all who declares this blessed message. Satan is unable to kill the angels of God as they fly through the heavens, loudly proclaiming God’s eternal salvation truths.

      3. Immediately following the angel’s proclamation, another angel declares the destruction of Babylon and the reason for her destruction.

      4. Immediately, another angel proclaims damnation to all who worship the beast and his image and receive the mark of the Anti-Christ.

      5. Next, an angel declares eternal blessings to all who follow the redeemer. Then Christ himself appears, ready to reap the earth.

      6. Then immediately another angel comes from the heavenly temple, and another angel, having power over fire (proving God has not died), with the command to reap the earth, which was accomplished.

      7. Chapter 15 continues preparation designed to complete the wrath of God upon Satan’s kingdom and those that follow him.

    3. God is here answering the fervent prayers of his saints.

      1. Exodus 2:23-25 – God led Israel into Egypt, where they became comfortable, until they were persecuted, then they cried to God who heard their groanings and delivered them in his time.

      2. Psalms 44 – Israel remembers the past blessings of God, their present evil circumstances, and trusts God to save him, as he did in days long ago.

        1. Verse 1-8 – Israel remembers God’s past blessings.

        2. Verse 9-22 – Israel rehearses their present distress before a most holy God.

        3. Verse 23-26 – Israel prays for God’s deliverance.

      3. When times of great tribulation come, the saints of God will remember God’s past deliverances, and cry out to him for relief from present evil circumstances.

        1. Many of God’s people today are living without grief of the sins all around them, even sins affecting themselves and their own families.

        2. Many expect God to “rapture” us out before any difficulties come, therefore they spend little time imploring God to deliver them from this present evil world.

Verse 1-5 – The 144,000 before the throne of God. And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: 3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. 4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.

  1. There is some dispute concerning whether this scene is in heaven or the earth.

    1. It seems this is a heavenly scene because:

      1. There is rejoicing, not tumult, as tumult is occurring on the earth.

      2. Verse 2 – The voice of many waters and the harpers are from heaven.

      3. Verse 3 – The new song, the throne, the four beasts and 24 elders are all in heaven.

      4. Verse 3 – The 144,000 are redeemed from the earth, therefore they seem to be in heaven.

      5. Verse 4 – The 144,000 are said to be the firstfruits of God.

      6. Verse 5 – The 144,000 are before the throne of God, probably in heaven.

      7. The remainder of chapter 14 speaks of the destruction of Satan’s forces and the reaping of the earth. After Satan’s kingdom is destroyed and the earth is reaped, Christ will establish his earthly kingdom.

    2. Some believe this is an earthly scene, thinking it is to be taken literally, not as a part of the continuing third intermission, which includes chapter 12-15.

  1. The Lamb stood on Mount Sion, reflecting the judgment of the earth is not yet complete.

    1. The Lamb is Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God.

      1. The word “lo” directs looks of amazement toward Jesus Christ.

      2. Jesus Christ is standing, not sitting on his throne.

        1. Hebrews 10:12 – Jesus sat down on the right hand of God in heaven to show he had completed all the work of salvation.

        2. Acts 7:56 – Stephen, when he was martyred, saw Jesus standing on the right hand of God, as an expression of his grief of Stephen’s suffering.

        3. Revelation 14:14 and 16 – Christ sits on the cloud, not on his throne, reflecting the completion of the reaping of the earth.

    2. Mount Sion or Zion – “a parched place”, the hill of Jerusalem, the heavenly dwelling of God.

      1. This is likely the heavenly counterpart of the earthly Jerusalem.

        1. Hebrews 12:2 states, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

        2. Galatians 4:26 speaks of a heavenly Jerusalem: But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

      2. The appearance of “heavenly Jerusalem” reveals “earthly Jerusalem” and the reign of Christ is fast approaching.

        1. Psalm 2 speaks of the conflict between God and man, and prophesies of the coming earthly kingdom of Christ.

        2. Psalm 48:1-3 speaks of the reality of “heavenly Jerusalem”.

        3. Psalm 132:11-17 reveals God has chosen Jerusalem as the place of his throne.

        4. Hebrews 8:5 compared to Exodus 25:40 – Moses built the earthly tabernacle based on the heavenly tabernacle.

    3. The voice from heaven.

      1. It is a singular voice, that sounded as many waters, very loud and continuous, as waves on the shore.

      2. The voice of great thunder is overpowering, and unmistakably “attention getting”.

      3. There is no record of what the voice from heaven said, but clearly, attention is drawn to the standing Lamb.

      4. On the earth, attention is forced toward the Anti-Christ and his kingdom, but in heaven, attention is drawn toward the eternal Lamb, who is beginning the final stages of his wrath.

    4. Harpers are harping.

      1. The harp is a stringed instrument, easily carried about.

      2. In Revelation 5:8 the twenty four elders each have a harp with which to worship God in song.

      3. Revelation 15:2 – those that got the victory over the beast, his image, his mark and the number of his name receive harps of God to sing God’s praises and stand in a special place: the sea of glass before the throne of God.

      4. Revelation 18:22 reveals that harpers shall no more sing in Babylon, revealing there is no more worship in Babylon, nor any happiness.

    5. The song of the 144,000.

      1. We are not told the words to the song, because only the 144,000 can learn the words.

      2. Verse 3 states, …they sung as it were a new song…, therefore the song is probably not new, as in never before, but a special song of redemption that only the 144,000 have authority to learn and sing, as it is a special song reserved only for them.

    6. The 144,000.

      1. These are the same as are sealed in Revelation 7, redeemed from the earth.

        1. There is 144,000, not 143,999: all are present.

        2. John 6:39 – And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.

        3. Revelation 9:4 reveals the 144,000 are not harmed by the judgments of God, but there is some indication they are harmed by the wrath of man.

      2. There is great rejoicing in heaven, contrasted to great trials on the earth.

        1. The 144,000 are identified as special by the Father’s name in their foreheads.

        2. “They” of verse 3 refers to the 144,000.

        3. There is much singing in heaven, but the 144,000 sing a song no one else can learn or sing.

          1. This reveals a division of people in heaven, according to what is given to them, and how they were faithful to God as they lived.

          2. The idea that all are equal in heaven, the millennium and in eternity is error.

            1. Matthew 25:14-30 – the parable of talents reveals a diversity of rewards, and future responsibility based on faithfulness to God on this earth.

            2. Luke 19:11-27 – the parable of pounds reveal this same truth, stated in a slightly different way, for a slightly different purpose.

          3. The 144,000 sing their special new song, reserved for them only, in the sight of the throne, the four beasts, and the 24 elders.

      3. The 144,000 are redeemed from the earth, revealing they are people, Jews, 12,000 from each tribe.

        1. There is only one way of redemption.

        2. I Peter 1:18-19 states, Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

        3. It seems to me the 144,000 will sing of God’s grace toward them in allowing them to be redeemed from the earth during the Great Tribulation.

        4. They will not sing of their victories, but the victory God gave to them in the most wicked of times.

        5. They will sing of their being chosen by God from among the exceeding wicked during the Great Tribulation.

      4. They are virgins.

        1. This does not mean they are unmarried for a wife does not defile a man.

        2. A wife is God’s gift to a man.

        3. Fornication will become even more prevalent, as illicit sexual intercourse is mixed with Satanic worship.

        4. Being sexually pure involves being pure from spiritual adultery.

        5. These follow the Lamb wherever he goes – complete separation, submission and obedience.

    7. The 144,000 are the firstfruits unto God and the Lamb, indicating a much larger harvest is soon coming.

      1. Isaiah 2:1-3 relates to this much larger harvest by stating, And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. 3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

      2. Zechariah 8:20-23 also speaks of this much larger harvest, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: 21 And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts: I will go also. 22 Yea, many people and strong nations shall come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the LORD. 23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.

    8. This harvest will come during the millennium, as all Israel believes in Christ.

      1. Ezekiel 36:25-38 speaks of God’s blessings upon Israel during the millennium.

        1. This chapter speaks of God turning Israel over to the nations of this world because they rejected his rule over them.

        2. Verse 16-21 speaks of how God scattered Israel among all the nations of the world.

        3. Verse 22-23 reveals that God had pity on his holy name and how he will glorify himself among the heathen through the nation of Israel.

        4. Verse 25-38 reveals the blessings of God upon Israel during the millennium for God’s glory, not because Israel deserves anything. 2

      2. Israel shall look on him whom they have pierced, two different times.

        1. John 19:37 – Israel looked on Christ on the cross, but did not know who he was. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

          1. Zechariah 12:10 prophesies of Jesus looking on Christ on the cross.

          2. Zechariah 12:10, as many prophecies, have a two fold meaning.

        2. Zechariah 12:10 – Israel sees Christ coming in the clouds at the end of the Great Tribulation, and their eyes are opened to know who he is. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

          1. The context of Zechariah 12 is future.

            1. 12:2 – All nations shall tremble because of Israel.

            2. 12:3 – Nations that attempt to destroy Israel shall be destroyed.

            3. 12:4-6 – God will bless Israel with great victories over their enemies.

            4. 12:7-10 – God will defend Israel, bless them, and give them a vision of his return.

            5. 12:11-14 – Israel shall mourn when they see Jesus because they will realize Jesus is the one they crucified 2,000 years ago.

          2. 13:1,2,3,4 – The phrase regarding “…that day…” speaks of future blessings upon Israel.

            1. There are many verses in Zechariah 12-14 where the phrase “…that day…” appears.

            2. 13:6 speaks of Christ regarding his wounds for our salvation.

            3. 13:7-9 speaks of how God will allow 2/3 of the Israelites to die, but will bring 1/3 through the fire.

          3. Chapter 14 speaks of the victory of Israel through Christ at the end of the Great Tribulation and continuing all through the millennium.

            1. It is no wonder Jesus, in Revelation 14:1, is standing, as he is observing the events on this earth unfold into the fulfillment of Satan’s final kingdom.

            2. Jesus is observing the martyrdom of his beloved saints, and is standing to receive them into glory.

            3. Jesus is standing to receive their glory and honor as the 144,000 sing a song they alone have the authority to sing.

            4. Jesus is standing in preparation to return to the earth for the purpose of reaping the earth and establishing his millennium kingdom, which shall “turn into” an eternal kingdom.

            5. Psalms 2 is certainly true: Christ is not wringing his hands in despair as Satan rebels against him and establishes his failing kingdom.

    9. The 144,000 speak no guile.

      1. As the 144,000 are firstfruits, scripture indicates the remainder of Israelites whom they represent will also speak no guile.

        1. Guile is defined as deceit or craftiness – i.e. lying or not telling the whole truth.

        2. James 3:6 reveals, And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

        3. Psalm 32:2 reveals purity in the tongue is caused by purity of spirit, Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.

      2. Zephaniah 3:13 declares concerning Israel, The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make them afraid.

        1. Zephaniah prophesies during the reign of Josiah, the last good king of Judah, concerning the soon coming destruction of Jerusalem and the upcoming Babylon captivity.

        2. He speaks of why God will cause Judah to go into Babylon captivity, and of the millennium when Israel will finally return to God and remain true to him.

      3. The above describes not only the 144,000, but also the nation of Israel when God gives them a new heart.

        1. They will have their eyes opened to see who God is, as never before.

        2. They will be willing to live and die for Christ, for he will be all in all to them.

Angel Proclamations Verse 6-13

The First of Three Angels

Verse 6-7 – The gospel is declared. And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, 7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

  1. It is significant the first angel proclaims the everlasting gospel to all the world.

    1. The second angels proclaims the destruction of Pagan Babylon, and the third angel gives a final warning to all who worship the Beast.

    2. The reaping of the earth only comes after the final gospel message, the fall of Pagan Babylon and one final warning.

    3. The long-suffering of God, his waiting mercy and grace are exhibited as Revelation 14:1 records Jesus standing on Mount Sion, which is apparently located in heaven.

      1. At this point, man has done his worse, rejecting Christ after clear evidence of coming misery, suffering and death.

      2. Man is completely depraved, without God, full of sin, and still wanting the best they can receive – without receiving Christ.

      3. Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

  1. The first flying angel, who has no wings, and no song.

    1. There is no scripture that states that angels have wings.

      1. Exodus 19:4 – God delivered Israel as if on eagle’s wings, not angels wings. Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself.

        1. This passage is not to be taken literally, as the Bible clearly records how Jesus brought Israel out of Egypt.

        2. The fact is that God delivered Israel from Egypt in ways far above any earthly power; he delivered them by his power.

      2. Exodus 25:20 – Cherubims, symbolic creatures, are said to have wings.

        1. Isaiah 6:2 – Seraphims, also symbolic creatures, are said to have wings.

        2. Wings are symbols of God’s power, which is far above all power.

      3. The Bible does not state cherubims and seraphims are a form of angels; men make that statement.

    2. There is no scripture that states angels sing.

      1. Luke 2:13,14 – The angels that announced the birth of Christ to the shepherds did not sing, but said.

      2. The gift of singing is a special gift given to humans for the purpose of uniquely worshipping and praising God.

  1. The everlasting gospel is preached to the inhabitants of the earth.

    1. The gospel is not preached to those in hell, or in heaven.

      1. When a person dies, their time of being saved is over.

      2. Those that are saved during their lifetime are in heaven.

      3. Those that refuse to trust Christ are in hell.

      4. There is no transfer between heaven and hell.

    2. The gospel is preached to all the inhabitants of the earth.

      1. The gospel being preached reveals there is still time to be saved.

      2. Missionary efforts can be limited to favorite places, or favorite people.

      3. The angels preach the everlasting gospel to all, even those that do not want to hear.

      4. There is no “off button” on their loud voice, and they do not speak timidly.

  1. The everlasting gospel is not the easy believism preached today, but contains the immediate coming judgment of God.

    1. I Corinthians 15:1-4 gives a definition of the gospel by stating, Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

      1. The gospel presented here is complete, but all of the “elements” of the gospel are not presented.

        1. In Acts 16:31, Paul and Silas told the jailer to Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.

        2. Paul and Silas said nothing about repentance, but repentance is implied when true believing is stated.

        3. Repentance and faith cannot be separated.

        4. It is apparent the jailer was repentant: he had already taken the word of Paul and Silas by not killing himself, then he called for a light, “sprang” in with trembling, fell down before Paul and Silas, brought them out of the inner cell, and only then asked “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?”

      2. Concerning I Corinthians 15:1-4, it must be remembered the subject is not the gospel, it is spiritual gifts, therefore all the various elements of the gospel message is not declared.

        1. The part of the gospel involving the death, burial and resurrection of Christ is given because Paul is revealing the end of spiritual gifts, not how to be saved.

        2. In I Corinthians, Paul spent chapters 12-14 explaining true spiritual gifts, and in chapter 15 he continues to explain that believers should look forward to the resurrection of the body, not to earthly gifts.

      3. Jonah preached what many would consider to be a partial gospel because he only preached the judgment of God.

        1. Nobody can say the message Jonah preached was ineffectual.

        2. Jonah 3:4 states, And Jonah began to enter into the city a day’s journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown.

        3. Matthew 12:41 records the result of Jonah’s preaching; The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

        4. It is likely more people would be eternally saved today if gospel preaching included more “hell fire and eternal damnation” and less “give your heart to Jesus”.

        5. Years ago, I heard a missionary preach that we should not preach on hell, damnation or the coming judgment of God as that message would drive potential believers from Christ.

          1. He reasoned that only the everlasting gospel should be declared because people already know they are sinners and preaching damnation would discourage them from coming to Christ.

          2. The truth: The everlasting gospel must include both repentance and faith in Christ, coupled with hope in coming to Christ because he loves sinners who cannot help themselves.

    2. The reason the angels fly through the air preaching the gospel is because the Anti-Christ has greatly hindered the preaching of the gospel by killing every person who witnesses of the glory of God and his eternal salvation.

      1. Satan puts down all worship except the worship of himself.

        1. Revelation 17:16 - Pagan Babylon, who mingled true and false worship, must be destroyed because Pagan Babylon still names the name of Christ.

        2. Satan desires only himself to be worshipped.

      2. The mercy of God is exhibited in the angels preaching the everlasting gospel.

        1. Even though men have thoroughly rejected the gospel of God and his eternal forgiveness of sin, God is still merciful to them in preaching to them of their coming misery if they continue to reject his love and forgiveness.

        2. God would be just in completely wiping out the human race, but he does not.

        3. No man will have an excuse for not trusting in Christ, or declaring they do not know the way of salvation.

        4. God gives his eternal Word to all.

    3. Recognizing God as the creator is a part of the everlasting gospel.

      1. Acts 17:22-27 – Paul, on Mars’ Hill presented the unknown God as the creator.

      2. It is necessary for unbelievers to realize Jesus Christ is the creator, the judge and the eternal Saviour.

      3. The theory of evolution is nothing but an attempt to dethrone God from his position of creator, judge, and Saviour.

      4. Because God created everything, everything belong to him therefore God has the right to judge everything as he sees fit.

The Second of Three Angels

Verse 8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

  1. A simple statement of prophecy and the reason for the prophecy.

    1. Even in this final stage of utter and complete destruction, Christ freely and willingly proclaims the destruction of Babylon and the reason why.

      1. Christ does not have to tell anybody why he does anything, but his great grace, mercy and love motivates him.

      2. God was not obligated, but gave Belshazzar a final warning of his destruction and the destruction of his kingdom before it was destroyed.

      3. The gospel message is freely proclaimed in this world, continually warning unbelievers to repent and believe and receive the free gift of God’s eternal salvation.

    2. Revelation 18:2 is the actual destruction: And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

      1. There is no opportunity left for repentance at this point.

      2. God has given many opportunities, just as he gives unbelievers many opportunities, but there comes a time when it is too late.

    3. The phrase “is fallen” is declared twice. See also Isaiah 21:9 – “…is fallen, is fallen…”.

      1. Repeating the phrase indicates the sureness of the thing, as when Christ declares, “truly, truly…”

      2. There are two distinct destructions relating to pagan Babylon revealed in scripture.

      3. Chapter 17 (especially verse 16) speaks of the destruction of false world-wide religion, pagan Babylon.

      4. Chapter 18 speaks of the destruction of world-wide economics.

      5. The final and complete destruction of the Anti-Christ kingdom is recorded in Revelation 19.

  1. God used Babylon to judge the nations of the earth, then judged Babylon because Babylon made all nations drink of the wine of her fornication.

    1. The judgment of Judah: Jeremiah 20:4 For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.

      1. Verse 1-6 reveals that God will judge Judah by Babylon.

      2. Verse 3: Pashur means “freedom”, but Magormissabib means “terror on every side”; thus the destruction of Judah is described.

    2. The judgment of Egypt: Ezekiel 30:25 But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt.

      1. This entire chapter speaks of the God using Babylon to bring his righteous judgment upon Egypt.

      2. Verse 13 tells of the idols Egypt worshipped, which brought God’s destruction.

      3. It is clear that God controls all nations, even those nations that do not believe in him.

    3. God desired Israel, and ourselves, to worship him earnestly and freely because we have learned and understand his graciousness and mercy.

      1. When Israel, and ourselves, truly worship God in sincerity and truth, he graciously rewards us, blesses us, and glorifies us.

      2. When Israel, and ourselves, or any other nation, or any people refuse to learn, understand, then worship the king of kings and the Lord of Lords, there awaits chastisements and punishments.

  1. Prophecies concerning the coming judgment of Babylon.

    1. Isaiah 21:1-10 prophecies: Verse 9 describes the final fall by stating. And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.

    2. Jeremiah 51 prophecies:

      1. Jeremiah 51:8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

        1. The word “suddenly” means “straightway” or “surprisingly”.

        2. Revelation 18:10, 17, and 19 speak of Babylon falling in “one hour”.

        3. Babylon’s destruction comes quickly, there is no opportunity to divert possessions from her to another, therefore all is lost.

      2. Jeremiah 51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.

        1. Bel is the chief Babylon deity.

        2. “…bring forth out of his mouth…” – God will restore that which is destroyed.

      3. Jeremiah 51:47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.

      4. Jeremiah 51:49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.

    3. It is never good for any nation or people to disobey any command of God.

      1. God is well able to use any nation or any people to chastise those who disobey him.

      2. God can then judge the nation or people he used to chastise the rebellion nation or people.

The Third of Three Angels

Verse 9-11 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, 10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: 11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

  1. A final, gracious warning to the lost inhabitants of the world.

    1. The first angel declares the gospel with a loud voice, warning that God should be feared and worshipped because he is the creator.

    2. The second angel declares that all the wealth, power, and prestige of this world is as good as destroyed, thereby removing the foundation of everything lost people trust in for safety.

    3. This third angel gives a final warning to those who have not taken the mark of the beast, nor worshipped the beast and his image, therefore we know some have still not taken the mark of the beast.

  1. The result of accepting the mark of the beast.

    1. Temporary peace, pleasure, and worship of Satan.

      1. Whosoever worships the beast and his image will also receive the mark of the beast, or the number of his name.

      2. They shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, poured out without mixture.

    2. Earthly judgments: The wrath of God will be endured, after a very short time of “safety and contentment”.

      1. Unbelievers will accept the mark of the beast because they are looking for peace from the wrong source.

      2. God always gives warning before judgment, but his warnings are unheeded.

    3. Eternal judgments: The wrath of God will be endured forever as the holy angels and the Lamb of God look on.

      1. Isaiah 66:22-24 states, For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain. 23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD. 24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.

      2. Many believe unbelievers will be annihilated, but the Bible states their worm does not die.

      3. When unbelievers are observed in the Lake of Fire which will be in the new earth, there will be no pity nor sorrow from those that look at them, but God will be glorified because of his gracious long-suffering and kindness, which these rejected.

    4. Verse 11 – Eternal torments.

      1. The outward expression of their torments is seen in the smoke of their burning, yet never being destroyed, as it ascends up for all eternity.

      2. The inward expression of their torments is revealed by not receiving any rest for all eternity.

      3. The believers rest is in Christ: II Thessalonians 1:7-10 - And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, 8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: 9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; 10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.

Verse 12-13 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. 13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.

  1. This is the patience of the saints, whether they are saved before or after the Great Tribulation.

    1. Abraham, Hebrews 11:9-10 – By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: 10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

      1. Abraham and ourselves have much in common.

      2. We both live on this earth and are concerned with daily situations.

      3. We both are not so concerned with this earth, but are continually looking for the land of promise, that heavenly city, new Jerusalem.

      4. We both remain faithful even if we do not understand or see what God is doing.

    2. Many declare, “We are saved, we are under grace, not the law. We do not have to keep the commandments.”

      1. Verse 10 states, …here are they that keep the commandments of God…

      2. Believers do not keep the commandments in order to be saved, or to please God; because he is already pleased with believers.

      3. Believers keep the commandments of God because of joy, because we are saved.

      4. I John 5:3 states, For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

    3. The patience of the saints involves keeping the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus Christ.

      1. Patience involves a steadfast endurance, regardless of circumstances.

      2. The faith we possess is not of ourselves, but we receive the faith of Christ so we can be faithful.

      3. If circumstances go well or bad, the faith of Jesus Christ in the believer exhibits patience.

      4. Unbelievers can, and do, have patience, but the patience of saints is produced by the faith of Jesus Christ.

    4. The patience of the saints is being faithful while waiting on God to accomplish his will.

  1. Tribulation saints will be victorious over Satan.

    1. The word “blessed” means happy.

      1. This is a paradox to us, as we often consider death as failure and a time of sorrow; not victory and happiness.

        1. The death of believers is not always happiness, as some believers do not live victorious lives.

        2. During the Great Tribulation, the separation between believers and unbelievers will be very clear – serve God and die, or serve Satan and live (for a while).

      2. When there is true laboring for Christ, there is a constant working to defeat sin in the live, therefore there awaits rest when this life is over.

      3. Some believers do not labor against sin, therefore there is no rest, but regret.

    2. Their works follow them.

      1. Their works are not ended when their life ends, but their influence continues because the living remember their fruitful works.

      2. Their works also follow them when they receive rewards for obedience.

    3. Satan has done all he can do to cause them to fall, but God’s grace is sufficient for them.

      1. Satan has done all he can do to cause every believer to fall, but God’s grace is sufficient for them.

      2. Difficulties are everywhere and cause many believers to fail, but God’s grace is everywhere and will cause many believers to be faithful.

    4. A voice from heaven encourages them to remain faithful to God, even though they will pay with their lives.

      1. There is no record of who belongs to the voice, but the voice is encouragement from heaven.

      2. Many times the source of encouragement is unknown: it is enough to be encouraged and encourage others.

The Earth is Reaped

Introduction to Revelation 14:14-20

  1. Revelation 14:14-20 is divided into two distinct sections because there are two separate and distinct phrases to the final harvest of the world.

    1. The earth is reaped only when the time is right.

      1. Every farmer or gardener knows there is a time of harvest, and there is a time to let the crop continue until the time of harvest.

      2. Commercial farmers generally let the crop dry on the vine so the crop can be easily harvested.

        1. Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

        2. John 15:6 states, If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

        3. Note: unbelievers are cast forth as a branch, because there is no fruit in them, only a branch.

    2. The two harvests:

      1. Revelation 14:14-16 involves reaping believers from this earth.

        1. This is the most glorious, wonderful thing that will ever happen to the believer.

        2. And this glorious event will continue for all eternity, and will grow even better.

        3. Believers will see Jesus face to face and worship and serve him without the burdens and cumbrances of this flesh.

      2. Revelation 14:17-20 involves reaping unbelievers from this earth and includes the Bible of Armageddon.

        1. This is the beginning of the end to all unbelievers.

        2. It is impossible to describe the grief, the anguish, the regret, and the suffering of these unbelievers whose torment continues for all eternity, with no relief: ever.

      3. The Battle of Armageddon will be discussed in more detail when Revelation 19 is discussed.

    3. It is important to compare the harvest of the earth to a farmer harvesting his crop.

      1. In every field, there is grain and chaff, and probably weeds.

      2. Weeds hinder the growth of the grain, but chaff is essential to the growth of the grain.

      3. Only the grain is gathered into the barn, the chaff and the weeds remain in the field.

  1. The two harvests:

    1. A few comparisons of the first harvest to the second harvest.

      1. One like the Son of man is seen in the first harvest, not in the second harvest.

      2. Both have sharp sickles.

      3. Both reap when only when the time is fulfilled.

      4. The description of the first harvest and the second harvest are completely different.

        1. The description of the first harvest fits with gathering the saints to the Lord.

        2. The description of the second harvest fits with the judgment of God upon all the lost.

    2. Matthew 13:30, the parable of the wheat and the tares, prophesies of two separate harvests.

      1. Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.

      2. Part of this final harvest involves reaping believers, and another part involves burning unbelievers.

    3. Matthew 13:47-50, the parable of the net, prophesies of this same truth.

      1. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: 48 Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away. 49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, 50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

      2. Just as a farmer combines his field, retaining the grain and burning the chaff, so Christ will gather believers, and cast unbelievers away.

    4. Luke 3:16-17 reaffirms, John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: 17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.

  1. The establishment of the eternal kingdom of Christ.

    1. On a very personal level – Acts 1:9-11 states, And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. 10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

      1. The angel is speaking to believers informing them of the victorious return of Christ to gather them to himself for all eternity.

      2. II Timothy 4:8 states, Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

      3. As the disciples in Acts 1 sorrowed at the departure of Christ, so faithful believers rejoice at the return of Christ.

      4. Jesus ascended into heaven in a cloud, and will return to earth in a cloud.

      5. Jesus ascended to prepare a place for all believers, and will return to give them that place.

      6. Luke 19:12 – Jesus ascended to received the kingdom from his Father, and will return to rule in that kingdom.

    2. On a “kingdom” level – Daniel 7:12-14 states, As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time. 13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

      1. Jesus ascended as a righteous Saviour, and will return as a righteous judge.

      2. Christ will establish his millennial kingdom, which will be his eternal kingdom.

    3. Before Christ establishes his millennial kingdom, he first reaps the earth, just as a farmer must completely clean a field before he plants a new crop. 6

Verse 14-16 – The Harvest of the Faithful

Verse 14-16 – And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. 16 And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.

  1. Comparison between the two harvests.

    1. A white cloud.

      1. Not a dark storm cloud, because it is not an earthly stormy day, but a dark day for the world spiritually.

      2. A bright day for all believers.

    2. Like the son of man:

      1. Compare: Daniel 7:13 states there was one …like the Son of man…, which is repeated in Revelation 14:14, …sat like unto the Son of man…

        1. I believe this is Christ, but he appears in more of his eternal form rather than an earthly form, as he appeared to Nebuchadnezzar.

          1. Daniel 3:25 He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.

          2. Revelation 14:14 is the final time the phrase “Son of man” is found in the Bible.

        2. The golden crown proves this angel is Christ, because kings wear crowns of gold.

          1. Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.

          2. Psalms 21:3 For thou preventest (go before) him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.

      2. If this is Christ, why does he sit on the cloud not reaping the earth until he receives instructions from the angel? Doesn’t Christ give orders and direct the affairs of men and his kingdom?

        1. Matthew 24:36 states, But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

        2. Christ is always submissive to his Father, and waits for his command.

        3. John 8:29 reveals his continual obedience to his Father’s will, And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.

        4. Matthew 26:39 confirms Jesus always did his Father’s will, And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

    3. The angels who come from the temple.

      1. The first angel cries with a loud voice for Christ to reap the earth of the good grain (believers), indicating instructions are given from God the Almighty.

      2. The second angel comes from the temple with a sharp sickle to reap the grapes of the earth, indicating instructions are given from God Almighty.

    4. The golden crown and the sharp sickle represent the power of Christ to reap in his kingdom, which kingdom includes all the world.

      1. Luke 19:12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.

        1. This passage speaks of Christ ascending into heaven after his resurrection from the dead and his subsequent return to the earth as king.

        2. Christ came the first time as a servant, but he returns as a king.

      2. The sharp sickle reveals there is a time of preparation – a time of sharpening the sickle for harvest.

The Significance of Clouds

Psalms 97:2 - Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

  1. Clouds do more than bring us rain and shade the hot sun from our eyes.

    1. Genesis 9:13-16 - the promise that God would never again destroy the world by water is confirmed by the rainbow, which appears in the clouds.

    2. The pillar of cloud and the pillar of fire led Israel out of Egypt.

      1. Exodus 13:21,22 - And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

      2. Exodus 14:19,20 - And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

      3. Exodus 14:24 - The cloud was a defense to Israel and a hurt to Egypt. And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

    3. The Cloud as a token of God’s approval.

      1. Moses’ tabernacle: Exodus 40:34-38 - Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 36 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: 37 But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up. 38 For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.

      2. Solomon’s temple: I Kings 8:10,11 - And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, 11 - So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD.

  1. A description of God.

    1. Ezekiel 1:4 - And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

      1. Ezekiel 1:28 - As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.

    2. On the Mount of Transfiguration: Matthew 17:5 - While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.

    3. Christ shall appear in the clouds when He returns to the earth and begins his earthly millennium reign.

      1. Matthew 24:30 - And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

      2. Matthew 26:64 - Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

    4. The ascension of Christ was into the clouds.

      1. Acts 1:9 - And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.

      2. The rapture will take place in the clouds, not when Christ physically returns to the earth. The second return of Christ is in two phases: the first phase is the rapture, and the second is his literal return to the earth to rule for 1,000 years. I Thessalonians 4:17 - Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

  1. The second phase of the return of the Lord will be literal and will be seen by everybody - even the lost.

    1. Revelation 1:7 - Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

    2. The two witnesses will be killed during the tribulation period, lay in the streets of Jerusalem for 3½ days, then be received up into heaven in a cloud: Revelation 11:12 - And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

    3. The final judgment and destruction of this world will be by Christ from a cloud.

      1. Revelation 14:14 - And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.

      2. Revelation 14:15 - And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.

      3. Revelation 14:16 - And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.

The song, The Unclouded Day, is about a time when there will no longer be clouds in the sky, nothing to hide our precious Saviour and Lord from us, where all believers will be together in his eternal kingdom, and will be able to worship him and learn about him and do his bidding forever and ever, without any hindrances caused by sin or thoughtlessness. The unclouded day is the time we are longing for, not the judgment of God upon this wicked earth.

The Unclouded Day

Page 174 American Baptist Hymnal



O they tell me of a home far beyond the skies,

O they tell me of a home far away;

O they tell me of a home where no storm clouds rise,

O they tell me of an unclouded day.

O the land of cloudless day,

O the land of an unclouded day,

O they tell me of a home where no storm clouds rise,

O they tell me of an unclouded day.

O they tell me of a home where my friends have gone,

O they tell me of that land far away,

Where the tree of life in eternal bloom

Sheds its fragrance through the unclouded day.

O the land of cloudless day,

O the land of an unclouded day,

O they tell me of a home where no storm clouds rise,

O they tell me of an unclouded day.

O they tell me of a King in His beauty there,

And they tell me that mine eyes shall behold

Where He sits on the throne that is whiter than snow,

In the city that is made of gold.

O the land of cloudless day,

O the land of an unclouded day,

O they tell me of a home where no storm clouds rise,

O they tell me of an unclouded day.

O they tell me that He smiles on His children there,

And His smile drives their sorrows all away;

And they tell me that no tears ever come again

In that lovely land of unclouded day.

O the land of cloudless day,

O the land of an unclouded day,

O they tell me of a home where no storm clouds rise,

O they tell me of an unclouded day.


Verse 17-20 – The Harvest of the Wicked

A recapitulation of the Battle of Armageddon

Verse 17-20 – And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. 19 And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.

  1. The battle of Armageddon is not hell, but occurs on this earth.

    1. It occurs in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, whose location is near Jerusalem.

    2. This is a terrible battle, when blood is up to the horses brides in the valley of Jehoshaphat.

      1. 1,600 furlongs is the space of the blood.

      2. 1 furlong equals 1 cubit, which equals approximately 18” (1½ feet); therefore 1,600 furlongs equals approximately 2,400 feet, more than ½ mile.

      3. It is generally accepted that 1,600 furlongs are 200 roman miles, or an illusion to the length of Palestine.

    3. The angel who has power over fire, commands the reaping of the wicked begin.

      1. Refer to my notes on Revelation 13:13 for a full discussion of fire from heaven.

      2. Revelation 13:13 – Satan is able to cause fire to come down from heaven, thus (supposedly) proving he has overcome God, and sits upon his throne, as revealed in II Thessalonians 2:4.

      3. The angel that has power over fire commanding that unbelievers be reaped is proof the Anti-Christ kingdom was a sham, and that God is still in control.

    4. The grapes of the earth represent unbelievers.

      1. Unbelievers are finally fully ripe – ready to be harvested.

      2. The juice that comes from the winepress is human blood – the blood of lost people, not wine, which is the fermented juice of the grape.

  1. The Son of Man comes in judgment as prophesied.

    1. Revelation 14:17-20 gives a summary or recapitulation, Revelation 16:15 and 19:11-21 give the full story (related in Revelation) of the destruction of the Anti-Christ kingdom.

    2. Acts 1:9-11 speak of the time when Christ shall return to earth as he went into heaven – in a cloud.

    3. Daniel’s visions of the Battle of Armageddon.

      1. Daniel 7:9-13 informs of God’s victory over the Anti-Christ kingdom given to Daniel during Belshazzar’s reign. The interpretation of the vision is given in Daniel 7:15-27.

      2. Daniel 2:31-35 – Daniel reveals Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, and gives the interpretation in 2:36-45.

      3. Daniel 2:44-45 speak of the victory of Christ in crushing his enemies.

  1. Some of the prophecies of this day of vengeance.

    1. Joel 2:30-3:17 relates the Battle of Armageddon as God draws unbelievers to fight – to make a decision whether or not they will fight.

      1. Joel 2:28-29 speak of God’s power upon the church Jesus established during his personal ministry, therefore there is a “space” of some 2,000 years between verse 29 and 30.

        1. Acts 2:16-21 – Peter quoted Joel 2:28-32, which refer to the complete wondrous works of God among the Gentiles.

        2. Joel 2:30 is fulfilled in Joel 3:15, which reveals a “space” of some 2,000 years.

      2. Joel 3:2 – the battle will be fought in the valley of Jehoshaphat, which is probably located in the Kidron valley.

        1. The exact location of this valley is disputed, but wherever it is, it is near Jerusalem, because all the armies of the nations will be gathered against Jerusalem at this place.

        2. Joel 3:14 refers to the valley of decision.

          1. Joel 3:2 declares God will “plead” meaning God will come as a judge to enter a plea, as in a court of law: the guilty could still plead guilty and receive mercy.

          2. It is time for multitudes (who have not decided as yet) to decide to fight God, or fight Satan.

          3. It is marvelous grace that allows every unbeliever this final opportunity to repent and believe.

      3. Joel 3:10 declares weapons of war will be produced from agricultural implements: therefore there will be no more farming – all efforts go into defeating God by destroying the tiny nation of Israel.

    2. Isaiah 63:1-4 prophecies: Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. 2 Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? 3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. 4 For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.

      1. Isaiah 63 speaks of Jesus Christ the righteous, who comes in vengeance to destroy the Anti-Christ kingdom and all who rebel against him.

      2. Verse 3 relates the blood of the wicked will stain the garments of Christ, compared to Revelation 19:13-14: compare to the white garments of the armies of heaven that follow him.

      3. It is amazing that Isaiah 63:7 mentions the loving kindnesses of the Lord, especially when the preceding verses speak of his wrath.

    3. Zechariah 14:12-15 also gives a description of God’s wrath and the victory given to Israel in that day.

      1. Zechariah 14:1-2 prophesies of Titus, who destroyed Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

      2. Zechariah 14:3-15 - Prophecy of the return of the Jesus Christ to the earth and the battle of Armageddon.

    4. Ezekiel 38-39 speaks of the terrible battle and how God will defeat the armies that come against Israel.

      1. These two chapters are a continuing prophecy given to Ezekiel concerning two things: (1) The judgment of God upon Israel and other nations in the days of Ezekiel, and (2) the blessing of God upon Israel and the judgment of God upon other nations in the latter days.

        1. These prophecies are intermingled throughout the entire book of Ezekiel.

        2. It is sometimes very difficult to separate these prophecies, but the end is that all nations will praise God for his righteousness and goodness.

        3. It would be good to begin the study of Ezekiel 38 and 38 with chapter 37 – the vision of dry bones – because God will literally raise Israel from the dead: he will save them when there is no hope of their survival or continued existence.

      2. There are two times Gog comes against the nation of Israel.

        1. The first time is at the Battle of Armageddon, before the millennium.

        2. Revelation 20:8 – The second time is at the Battle of Gog and Magog, at the close of the millennium.

      3. The nations that come against Israel.

        1. Gog and Magog – it is apparent from Revelation 20:8 that these represent all those that oppose God and his eternal holiness.

        2. Meshach and Tubal – probably Turkey.

          1. Many believe this speaks of the extreme Muslim faith, which is the current leader of terrorism in the world.

          2. The chief prince indicates the masses of the world will follow this extreme viewpoint, whether of belief or fear.

          3. Some place China in this category because “chief prince” seems to indicate the masses of the world.

        3. Persia – Iran, probably includes Pakistan and Afghanistan.

        4. Ethiopia – located at approximately the same place, at the southwest of the Red Sea, south of Egypt and Sudan.

        5. Libya – located at approximately the same place, to the west of Egypt, the northern border is the Mediterranean Sea.

        6. Gomer – Probably Georgia, and the other countries on the east of the Black Sea, perhaps including Russia and those countries who follow Russia.

        7. Togarmah of the North Quarters – Probably Iraq and includes Syria. Some place Russia with Togarmah: where Russia is placed seems of little consequence, as Russia will continue to attempt to destroy Israel.

        8. Verse 6 – all his bands and many people – according to Joel 3:2, God will gather all nations against Israel and Jerusalem.

        9. Verse 7-9 speak of a gradual preparation, which finalizes as a storm gathers, and eventually descends in its horror.

        10. Verse 10-12 relate the thoughts of these terror nations to destroy Israel and spoil them.

      4. Ezekiel 38:13 – Three nations that speak against this battle, but do nothing.

        1. Sheba – These are probably descendents of Seth and Ham.

        2. Dedan – These are probably descendants of Cush, and also Keturah.

        3. Tarshish – The city to which Jonah was fleeing.

        4. This reminds me of the United Nations, who does nothing.

        5. Ezekiel 39:6 – The judgment of those that attack Israel and those that do not protect Israel is the same.

      5. Ezekiel 38:9 and 16 reveals the armies of the Anti-Christ shall be as a cloud that comes upon the land.

        1. Revelation 9:16 gives the number of the Anti-Christ armies at 200,000,000, which link to Revelation 16:12.

        2. Ezekiel 39:9-10 reveal the inhabitants of Israel will burn the weapons of war for seven years!

        3. Ezekiel 39:11-16 reveal it will take seven months to bury the majority of the dead.

        4. Ezekiel 39:17-20 reveal how God will cleanse the land – birds will eat the dead bodies and drink the blood.

      6. Ezekiel 38:10-12 disclose that after all these armies gain strength, and they know they have strength, they determine to attack and destroy the tiny nation of Israel.

        1. The world will observe the gathering clouds of wicked armies, but will be unable to stop them, because nobody except God can control clouds.

        2. The “unwalled villages” speak of unprotected Israel and any other nation.

        3. “Unwalled villages” speaks of the increased population of Jerusalem, who cannot be contained within the original walls.

        4. The purpose of the attack is to annihilate Israel and to spoil them.

      7. Ezekiel 38:14-20 gives the detail of how the enemies of Israel shall come against them.

        1. Verse 14 states Israel dwells safely because they are trusting in the seven year treaty, but that treaty was broken and now Israel hides, waiting for what they believe is their final destruction.

        2. Verse 15-17 reveals this prophecy is for the latter days, and has been prophesied many times before.

        3. Verse 18-20 reveals the terror of men and beast when they realize God Almighty has come down from heaven to judge them.

      8. Defeat comes by:

        1. Ezekiel 38:21 – Every man shall kill his neighbor, as confirmed also in Zechariah 14:13; And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.

        2. Ezekiel 38:22 – God will cause the forces of nature to be against them, as confirmed in Revelation 16:21; And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

      9. Ezekiel 28:23 – All people shall know that God is God.

      10. Ezekiel 39:1-7 – The destruction of Gog and Magog.

        1. Only 1/6 of the world’s population will be left to enter the millennium.

        2. 5/6 of the world’s population will be killed, eaten, and their bones buried upon the mountains of Israel so all the world will know God is God.

        3. Verse 6 reveals no nation will escape, even those nations who do not pay attention to Israel.

      11. Ezekiel 39:8-20.

        1. Ezekiel 39:9-10 reveal the inhabitants of Israel will burn the weapons of war for seven years!

        2. Compare Ezekiel 39:11 to 37:12 – God delivers Israel from their graves, and consigns their enemies to their graves.

        3. Ezekiel 39:11-16 reveal it will take seven months to bury the majority of the dead.

        4. Ezekiel 39:17-20 reveal how God will cleanse the land – birds will eat the dead bodies and drink the blood.

      12. Ezekiel 39:21-29 – God will reveal himself to all nations and Israel.

        1. All nations (and Israel) shall know why God has judged.

        2. Verse 29 – God will no longer hide his face from Israel but will continually bless them during the millennium and on into eternity.